St Peters 11th Century

St. Peters Church Addingham

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Ethelred II, in order to retain peace, imposed a tax on all the people in order to buy off the Danes. This was the infamous Danegeld. As the Danes were paid, so they demanded more and more. In 991 he had paid 22,000 pounds weight of gold and silver and in 1012 he paid 48,000 pounds weight. When the Dane Canute became King, he saw no reason to stop bleeding England of her silver. In 1017 he took 10,500 pounds weight from the people of London and 72,000 pounds weight from the rest of England. The result is that more Anglo-Saxon coins have been found in Denmark than in England.

1066 The Norman Conquest

This brought about the most drastic social upheaval yet by an invader and conqueror. Here in Addingham, in place of the Anglo Saxon lord Gamelbar, Gilbert Tison, one of the Conqueror’s vassals, held sway, to be followed for several centuries by the Vavasours.

In 1069 the north of England rebelled and William’s ruthless and efficient military machine crushed the rebellion and laid waste the whole country north of the Humber. It took ten years for the north to begin to recover.

1086 Domesday Book

William needed to find out the wealth of his kingdom in order to extract the maximum in taxation. He ordered a great survey to be carried out, the result of which was the Domesday Book. In the survey, Ilkley, Otley and Kildwick are shown to have a church and priest but the entry for Addingham mentions neither so we can assume that, as yet, no church building existed here.